These traditional routes of steroid intake are not known to have any limiting effect on the effectiveness of the drug. The methods of intake have produced similar properties despite the difference observed in pharmacokinetic principles. On the other hand steroids that are orally administered have been shown to have more dangerous and harmful effects and in particular damage of the liver.
Basically these anabolic steroids do have two distinct effects that are quite overlapping. This means that the steroids being anabolic in nature do promote the growth of cells. For instance the hormones increase the synthesize of protein from the chemical amino acids as well increasing the appetite, stimulating growth and remodeling of bones with much increased production of erythrocytes or the red blood cells.
Secondly, these steroids have virilizing and androgenic effects where they affect muscular development and characteristics. In effect the steroid functions are immense. The processes that are affected include growth during puberty, oil production, and also fetal growth. Other virilizing effects include the expansion of the clitoris in women and also the penis of male children, while that of adults doesn’t and cannot grow even when exposed to very high doses of androgenic testosterone.
Other effects are the growth and increased size of the vocal cord, voice deepening, increase in libido as well as the suppression of the (natural) sex hormones and a considerable and impaired sperm production.
Via these combined effects these anabolic steroids do stimulate the creation of muscles, increasing muscular fibers, thus increasing in terms of muscle plus strength. This increase in muscular mass is due to huge skeletal muscles which are caused by the increase in the making of proteins and a decline of the rate of these proteins breakdown.
Also high doses of steroids do decrease the amount of muscle fat while at the same time increasing protein proportions. Fat is also decreased by the increased basal metabolic rate and also an increase in the development of muscles.
Steroids’ most feared side effect is the alteration of the heart structure, for instance the thickening of the left ventricle as well as its enlargement which then impairs its contraction as well as the relaxation. These alterations have possible effects such as heart failure, heart attack, hypertension as well as immediate cardiac death. Conversely these changes are not visible in athletes who don’t use these drugs to accelerate the process.
Steroid use also has gender related and specific side effects. For example the development of breasts and their tissue in males is as a result of high levels of circulating estrogen which may rise due to the increase in the conversion of the hormone testosterone to another hormone, estrogen, done by the enzyme called aromatose. Female side effects include deepening of voice, increase of body hair, enlargement of clitoris as well as a temporary decrease in the menstruation cycle.