The use of anabolic steroids has not been credited with having any effects on the brain tissues. What has been noted though is that the use of steroids has some effects on the mind. Some symptoms that support this observation are mood swings, guilt feelings, euphoria, and violence.
As concerns the endocrine system, anabolic steroids do have an effect. The steroids imitate testosterone which is an endocrine hormone and in so doing this leads to various side effects that are well documented in many informative and accurate sources. The anabolic steroids bring about a cessation in the production of both FH and LSH by the pituitary gland. In effect this causes a temporal infertility in the male user and a period of irregular menses in the female user.
In addition to this, steroids also affect the thyroid gland and stop it from producing the TSH hormone. This hormone is responsible for the regulation of the body’s rate of metabolism.
However, the thyroid gland itself appears to be unaffected by the presence of the steroids and the normal thyroid functions continue unabated. Research that has been carried out on rats that are diabetes prone it has been noted that anabolic steroids will hasten the development of the disease.
Tests that have been carried out on humans suggest that the use of steroids brings about a resistance to insulin and alterations in the tolerance of glucose. These complications copy the symptoms that are inherent to diabetes though a diabetes condition brought about by steroid use has never been recorded or reported.
The effects of anabolic steroids are also felt on the skin. The steroids initiate oil production in the skin. The oils produced by the skin are referred to as ’sebum’. These oils that are thus produced are an attractive breeding ground for a variety of bacteria. Should there be an infection, it is likely that the person will experience serious scarring and various reactions from the immune system of the body.
This may come in the form of severe acne just a short time after one begins on anabolic steroids. The acne thus developed can be aggravated by the toxic substances produced by the aforementioned bacteria groups. The reaction that ensues will probably require the person to be hospitalized for treatment.
Drugs that are prescribed for the management of acne for example isotretinoin and tetracycline may be found to be toxic even at regular doses if they are taken or used by steroid abusers. The liver of a steroid abuser may be incapacitated in as far as the deactivation of the said prescription drugs. As a result the prescription drugs are accumulated within the body and this leads to certain amounts of toxicity. Another effect of steroids on the skin has to do with baldness.
This side effect is exhibited in both females and males. Some medical sources suggest that this baldness is reversible once the consumption of steroids is halted but some sources suggest that the process is indeed irreversible.